- What are the Benefits of Qurbani?
- Who should give Qurbani?
- What are the Requirements for Qurbani?
- When Should Qurbani be Performed?
- How should the Distribution of the Qurbani Meat be Done?
- Where does Muslim Charity distribute the Qurbani meat?
- What is Ramadan?
- Gift Aid
- What is Gift Aid
- How Gift Aid Works
What are the Benefits of Qurbani?
Giving meat to the poor and destitute as required when doing Qurbani spreads happiness so they may also enjoy the event of Eid-ul-Adha as it is a time of celebration and festivities for all Muslims around the world. It is also a reminder of the great sacrifice the Prophet Abraham (Peace be upon him) was about to do for the Sake of Allah (Most High).
Who should give Qurbani?
Persons who possess Nisab (minimum amount of wealth requiring them to pay Zakat) should give Qurbani. It is not obligatory (fard) but is highly recommended (wajib) according to the Hanafi school of thought. However, Qurbani is a Sunnah act according to the Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki, and Jafari schools of thought. Therefore Qurbani is held with esteem reverence across the Muslim Ummah.
What are the Requirements for Qurbani?
The animals to be slaughtered must be a goat, sheep, cattle (cow, ox, water buffalo), or camel. Goats and sheep have to be at least one year old. For cows the age must be at least two years old. Camels must be at least five years old. Goats and sheep count as one share per animal. Cattle and camels count as seven shares per animal.
They must be free from any form of handicap such as blind, sick, limp and undernourished. It also must be free of any defects such as a cut-off ear, tail, broken teeth or broken horn. However, the goat/sheep can be used if only a few teeth are broken and most teeth are still intact. In addition, if its horn is broken midway and not from the root, it is permissible to use such an animal. Injuries sustained during the qurbani do not invalidate the qurbani.
The animals must be slaughtered in the appropriate humane ways. It has to be done by a Muslim and the slaughtering of the animal must be shariah compliant.
When Should Qurbani be Performed?
The time for performing Qurbani starts from sunrise after the performance of the Eid-ul-Adha prayers which falls on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah until the sunsets on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah. The best time is to perform the act of Qurbani immediately after the completion of the Eid-ul-Adha prayers.
It was reported that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
The first thing that we do on the day of Eid is to perform the prayers. Then we go home and carry out our Qurbani.Thus whoever does those acts has conformed to our sunnah. And for those who slaughtered before it, then the meat is for the family members and not as an act of Qurbani.
How should the Distribution of the Qurbani Meat be Done?
It is preferable that the meat from Qurbani be divided in three equal parts: one for the home, one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. The meat from qurbani can be distributed to the poor, rich, Muslim or non-Muslim.
(Illustrate the above also in a pie chart format)
Where does Muslim Charity distribute the Qurbani meat?
Muslim Charity performs Qurbani on behalf of donors and distributes all of the meat to the poor and destitute in economically and socially deprived areas of the world. Click here to see where we work.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is a month for spiritual growth, an opportunity for Muslims to improve their manners and strengthen their taqwa (God consciousness). As such, abstinence from food and drink alone will not constitute a complete fast. As Muslims we are enjoined to fast with our mouths, eyes, ears and hearts. Everything that is prohibited or disliked for us is avoided. For, ‘If one does not abandon falsehood in words and deeds, Allah has no need for his abandoning of his food and drink.’ (Sahih Bukhari)
Benefits of Ramadan?
Ramadan is a time of gaining taqwa (God consciousness) for every Muslim. There are many ways for you to benefit and giving in Charity is one of the loved and best act of worship during this month by our Prophet (Peace be upon him). Ramadan is a time to reflect, give and worship. It is one of the most Holiest month in the Islamic calendar and one where you will benefit spiritually, psychologically and socially.
Whilst charity is often seen as an optional extra in society, and indeed this can also be the case for Muslims (Sadaqa), Islam has enjoined an obligation upon every Muslim to give a portion of his/her wealth (2.5%) to charity. This practice is called Zakah, literally meaning ‘to cleanse’ or ‘purify’ and is the third pillar of Islam.
“You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salah) and give the obligatory charity (Zakah). Any good you send forth on behalf of your souls, you will find it with Allah. Allah is seer of everything you do.” (Quran: 2:110)
Zakah is a virtuous practice for Muslims for many reasons. Whilst creating healthy relations between the wealthy and poor, it also serves to soften ones ego, distancing the heart from jealousy and greed. Zakah is not intended to be burdensome or detrimental to Muslims. As such, there is a minimum amount upon which Zakah is payable (Nisab). Muslims are only required to pay Zakah if they possess assets that fall within or above the Nisab threshold and if they are over the age of puberty and sane.
For more detailed information and for your own Zakah calculator, please click here.
So, with the reward multiplied 70 times during Ramadan, Muslim Charity could not be offering an easier way to pay your Zakah and gain that extra reward!
Possessing the same meaning as Iftar, Fitr refers to the breaking of ones fast. Zakat-al-Fitr therefore refers to the charity given at the end of Ramadan’s last fast. It is compulsory for every Muslim to give Zakat-al Fitr before Eid Salah (Festival prayers). Charity is usually given in the form of food, but Islamic Scholars have agreed that a cash equivalent is also permissible.
For Muslims, Zakat-al-Fitr brings two major benefits: it helps the poor who may not have been able to engage in the Eid celebrations and also provides the one who has fasted with an opportunity to purify any errors made during the month of Ramadan.
There are many reasons why Muslims might be unable to fast; they may be unwell, pregnant or travelling. In these cases we must compensate by feeding a poor person for each day of fasting missed throughout the month. This practice is known as Fidya and is calculated according to the average cost of two meals a day. In the UK we estimate this to be £5.
If someone intentionally misses or breaks a fast with no valid reason (i.e. for a reason other than those mentioned above) then they must compensate for this in one of two ways. They must fast for 60 days or, if they are unable to do so, they should feed 60 poor people with two meals for one day. This practice is know as Kaffarah and is calculated according to the average cost of two meals a day. In the UK we estimate the total Kaffarah cost to fall anywhere between £400 – £600.
If you have any specific enquires that is not address on the website please don’t hesitate to contact our Office Manager on 0208 200 4950
What is Gift Aid
Gift Aid increases the value of donations to charities and Community Amateur Sports Clubs (CASCs) by allowing them to reclaim basic rate tax on your gift. If you pay higher rate tax you can claim extra relief on your donations. If you claim age-related allowances or tax credits, Gift Aid donations can sometimes increase your entitlement.
How Gift Aid Works
The Gift Aid scheme is for gifts of money by individuals who pay UK tax. Gift Aid donations are regarded as having basic rate tax deducted by the donor. Charities or CASCs take your donation – which is money you’ve already paid tax on – and reclaim the basic rate tax from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) on its ‘gross’ equivalent – the amount before basic rate tax was deducted.
Basic rate tax is 20 per cent, so this means that if you give £10 using Gift Aid, it’s worth £12.50 to the charity. For donations between 6 April 2008 and 5 April 2011 the charity or CASC will also get a separate government supplement of three pence on every pound you give. Find out more on the HMRC website.